How Do Police Determine Whether A Driver Is Under The Influence Of Drugs Or Alcohol?

Police officers in Pennsylvania must have reasonable suspicion that a driver is committing a traffic violation or a crime before they can stop them. After an officer pulls you over, the officer will make observations and will investigate the reason for your stop. If the officer suspects that you may be driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, he or she might ask you several questions and perform tests. These observations, questions, and tests are designed to help the officer establish probable cause to place you under arrest. Knowing how an officer determines that you are under the influence of alcohol or drugs is important and can help you to avoid making mistakes if you are pulled over. If you have been charged with driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol in West Chester, DiCindio Law can advise you of the options that might be available to you.

Reasonable Suspicion For A Stop

Other than at a DUI checkpoint, a police officer cannot stop you unless he or she has a reasonable suspicion that you have violated a traffic law or have committed a crime. Reasonable suspicion must be based on objective facts and cannot be based on the officer’s hunch. In other words, an officer can’t stop you for any reason but must have a good one. Some examples of what might provide a reason for an officer to make a DUI stop include the following:

  • Erratic driving
  • Speeding
  • Driving too slowly
  • Crossing the center line
  • Failing to maintain your lane
  • Failing to obey traffic control devices
  • Driving the wrong way
  • Striking objects on the side of the road

Officers can also stop your vehicle for any type of traffic violation and subsequently develop a reasonable suspicion that you might be under the influence of alcohol or drugs. For example, an officer might pull you over because of a burned-out headlamp. After the officer walks up to your window and starts talking to you, he or she might decide to investigate you for a possible DUI if he or she makes observations that lead him or her to believe that you are under the influence. Some of these types of observations might include the following:

  • Odor of alcohol, marijuana, or other drugs
  • Nervous or odd behavior
  • Fumbling when trying to retrieve your driver’s license
  • Bloodshot, watery eyes
  • Disheveled appearance
  • Alcohol bottles that are visible from the outside of the vehicle
  • Drug paraphernalia that is visible from the outside of the vehicle
  • Statements that you make
  • Slurred speech

Police officers commonly try to initiate a conversation as soon as they approach the window of a vehicle after a traffic stop. During this conversation, the officers will be listening, looking, and observing. An officer will try to assess your ability to speak, keep eye contact, and exercise motor control. If he or she notices any of the signs that indicate that you might be under the influence of alcohol or drugs, the officer will take additional investigatory steps to develop probable cause to support your arrest.

Police Officers Need To Establish Probable Cause Before Making DUI Arrests

If an officer has a reasonable suspicion that you are driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs from your driving and other observations that he or she has made, the officer will start by asking specific questions. You might be asked if you have had anything to drink or if you have used drugs. The officer will then ask you to perform some field sobriety tests. These are standardized tests that are administered by officers at the roadside and include the one-legged stand, the horizontal gaze nystagmus, and the walk and turn. If you agree to perform these tests, the officer will write down notes about your performance on each test.

You may be asked to submit to a preliminary breath test, which is a test of your breath performed by the officer using a portable device at the side of the road. If your PBT results indicate the presence of alcohol, the officer might then place you under arrest for a DUI. The probable cause to support your arrest will be based on the observations the officer made, your statements, your performance on the SFSTs, and your PBT results.

If your PBT results show that you are not under the influence of alcohol, the officer might call a drug recognition expert to the scene. This is a specially trained officer who has received training in recognizing the sciences of impairment by drugs. That officer might perform some tests, and if you perform poorly on them, you may be placed under arrest. In that case, the officer’s probable cause to arrest you will be based on the officer’s observations of you and your driving and your performance on the DRE tests.

If the officer believes that you are under the influence of alcohol, the officer will take you to the jail or police station and ask you to submit to a breathalyzer test after your arrest. If the officer believes that you are under the influence of drugs, the officer will take you to a hospital to have your blood drawn. When you drive in Pennsylvania, you are deemed to have given your implied consent for a breath or blood test. If you refuse these tests, you will face civil penalties and increased criminal penalties if you are convicted of the DUI offense.

Should You Answer An Officer’s Questions?

When you are pulled over, you are required to provide the officer with your driver’s license, registration, insurance information, and name. Beyond the basic details, you are not required to answer any questions. Resist the urge to try to talk yourself out of being arrested. This does not work, and the statements that you make can be used against you at trial. If the officer asks you if you have had anything to drink, you can politely refuse to answer and tell the officer that you want an attorney. The fact that you choose to remain silent cannot be used against you in court. While the officer might place you under arrest based on his or her other observations, the prosecutor will not have any incriminating statements to use against you.

The Field Sobriety Tests And The Preliminary Breath Test

Many people think that they have to perform the field sobriety tests when they are asked to do so by the police. You have the right to refuse the field sobriety and preliminary breath tests. You should avoid these tests because they are simply used by the officer to build probable cause and to add circumstantial evidence of your impairment. If you refuse to talk, to perform field sobriety tests, and to submit to a preliminary breath test, the officer might still place you under arrest based on other observations that he or she has made, such as your driving, any odors that the officer smelled, your appearance, and your motor control when retrieving your license. However, it will be more difficult for the prosecutor to meet the burden of proving your case beyond a reasonable doubt based solely on the initial observations made by the officer.

Searches Of Your Vehicle

If an officer sees alcohol bottles or drug paraphernalia from outside of your car, he or she can confiscate them as evidence since they were in plain view. If an officer does not have probable cause to believe that evidence of the crime for which you have been stopped will be discovered by searching your car, the officer will have to develop probable cause before searching or obtaining a search warrant. If you are placed under arrest, the officer can search your person as a search incident to a lawful arrest. If an officer asks for your permission to search your vehicle, you do not have to agree. Consenting to a search is an exception to the warrant requirement. Officers sometimes ask for permission to search vehicles when they do not have sufficient probable cause to arrest people or to believe that evidence of crimes will be found inside of their cars.

Understanding Your Miranda Rights

Some people think that police officers must read their rights to them before asking any questions. The police do not have to Mirandize people that they have pulled over until after they take them into custody. Any statements that you make can be used against you, so be sure to avoid making incriminating statements to the officer. After your arrest, assert your rights to remain silent and to have an attorney. Any questioning by the officer will then have to stop.

Submitting To Breath And Blood Tests

Unlike the preliminary breath and standardized field sobriety tests, you do not have the right to refuse a post-arrest breath, urine, or blood test. If you refuse, your license will be suspended for at least 12 months or longer if you have prior convictions. People who are convicted of DUIs after refusing breath or blood tests will also face penalties for the highest BAC level. The prosecutor can also use your refusal of a breath or blood test against you at trial.

What Are The Police Allowed To Do During A Pennsylvania DUI Stop?

Police officers have the right to stop you if they witness you committing a traffic offense or if they reasonably believe that you are driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol or have committed another crime. Officers have the right to investigate whether you are driving while impaired, but they must also respect your rights.

Officers can stop motorists when they have a reasonable suspicion that they might be impaired or have committed a traffic violation. After the stop, officers can investigate further to determine whether to charge and arrest the motorists. Some of the permissible actions that an officer can take during an investigation include the following:

  • Ask for your driver’s license, name, registration, and insurance card
  • Ask about the reason why you were stopped
  • Ask if you have taken drugs or consumed alcohol
  • Ask where you are coming from
  • Ask your permission to search your car
  • Ask you to submit to a preliminary breath test and perform field sobriety tests
  • Ask you to submit to a post-arrest breath, blood, or urine test
  • Arrest you if the officer develops probable cause

While officers have numerous rights during investigations to allow them to secure evidence, they are required to follow certain laws and guidelines in how they carry out their actions. An experienced criminal defense lawyer at DiCindio Law can review how the officer investigated your case to determine whether the investigation was conducted properly. If there were problems, your lawyer might file motions to seek the suppression of some of the evidence against you.

Get Help From DiCindio Law

If you are charged with a DUI involving alcohol or drugs, you have legal rights. Criminal charges are not evidence that you have committed a crime, and there may be defenses that are available to you. Getting help from an experienced criminal defense and DUI attorney at DiCindio Law can allow you to learn about your rights and your legal options. Michael DiCindio is a former prosecutor who understands how prosecutors and police build their cases. This helps him to anticipate what the prosecutor might argue and build strong defenses against the DUI charges that have been filed against his clients. Contact DiCindio Law today to schedule a consultation by filling out our contact form or by calling us at 610.430.3535.

How to Avoid a Criminal Record for First-Time Offenders

If you have a criminal record, it can seriously impact your life. A conviction can cause you to lose your job or to have problems finding a new position. Some convictions may cause you to lose your ability to get financial aid for school. You could also lose your government benefits and have trouble getting into a college of your choice or into the military. If you are a first-time offender of a minor offense, you might be able to participate in a diversion program to avoid a conviction.

Every county in Pennsylvania has its own district attorney’s office. These offices have their own diversion programs and admission requirements. At DiCindio Law, we can advise you about whether you might qualify for a diversion program and help you to apply if you do. The benefit of these programs is that your charges could be withdrawn, and you might be able to have them expunged from your record. Some of the diversion programs that are available in Chester County include the following:

• Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition Program or ARD
• Drug Court
• Mental Health Court pre-plea or post-plea diversion

What is a diversion program?

A diversion program allows you to have your criminal case diverted away from going to trial. Depending on whether your diversion is pre- or post-plea, you might not have to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty. You may be assigned a probation officer who will supervise your progress in the diversion program. When you successfully complete it, the charges against you may be dismissed or withdrawn. They can then be expunged from your record. Commonly, these programs require you to pay fines, perform community service, attend drug and alcohol treatment, and attend other classes. You may also be required to meet with the probation officer and to submit to drug and alcohol tests. If you are placed in a diversion program, it is important that you comply with all of the instructions so that you can complete it and have your charges dismissed.

The Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition Program (ARD)

The ARD program was created by statute and is available in all counties in Pennsylvania. If you do not have any prior arrests or have a very limited history, you might be eligible for the ARD program. The ARD program may be available to you if you are facing charges for a low-level misdemeanor, including the following types (depending on the county you are charged in):

  • DUI
  • Receiving stolen property
  • Theft
  • Harassment
  • Simple assault
  • Criminal mischief
  • Disorderly conduct
  • Retail theft
  • Passing bad checks
  • Simple possession

The District Attorney determines who can be admitted into the ARD program. Even if you are facing one of the previously listed charges, the circumstances might result in you being rejected from ARD. Conversely, if you have been overcharged, it is possible that you might gain admission to ARD even if you are facing more serious charges.

Working with an experienced criminal defense attorney may help you to gain admission to the ARD program. An attorney might know how to complete the application and who to talk to at the DA’s office in order to give you the best chances of being admitted.

Drug Court

The Chester County Drug Court Program was the second such program in the state of Pennsylvania. This program is available to people who are charged with non-mandatory drug crimes or DUIs with drug offenses who do not have any record of violent offenses. In order to be eligible to participate, you must waive your right to a preliminary hearing and legally reside in the U.S.

The District Attorney has discretion about who to admit to the drug court program. Your lawyer can submit an application on your behalf, and you will have to complete a drug and alcohol assessment. If you are accepted, you will be assigned to a probation officer for intensive supervision. You will go through several phases during the program, and you must submit to drug and alcohol tests, appear before the court for regular reviews, and comply with all of the program’s rules. You will also have to actively seek or maintain a job or engage in productive activity each day and pay costs and fines. If you successfully complete all of the phases of the drug court program, maintain your sobriety, and have stable employment (among potential other conditions) the court will dismiss your charges and you can expunge them from your record.

If you violate any of the conditions of the drug court program, you can be removed from it or receive sanctions. The program takes from 12 to 24 months and goes through four phases. If you violate the program, the program may last longer. If you are removed from it, you will face the underlying charges and will have to handle them through the regular criminal court process.

Mental health court

The mental health court program is available on a pre-plea or post-plea diversionary basis or as a referral from probation. You may be eligible for mental health court if you are diagnosed with a mental illness or a dual diagnosis of a mental illness and a substance abuse disorder and have been charged with a misdemeanor or certain felony offenses. The mental health court staff complete screenings to determine eligibility. If you are accepted into the program, you will move through four phases. If your participation was completed on a pre-plea diversionary basis, the charges may be dismissed upon your successful completion. If you were referred and accepted to the program on a post-plea diversionary basis, you will be required to complete the programs supervision requirements after pleading guilty.

Contact DiCindio Law

If you are a first offender of a low-level misdemeanor offense or are facing charges for certain felony drug offenses, you may be eligible for a diversion program. Contact DiCindio Law to learn more about diversion and whether it might be a good choice for you.


DISCLAIMER
The information you obtain at this site is not, nor is it intended to be, legal advice. You should consult an attorney for advice regarding your individual situation. We invite you to contact us and welcome your calls, letters and electronic mail. Contacting us does not create an attorney-client relationship. Please do not send any confidential information to us until such time as an attorney-client relationship has been established.

Michael D. DiCindio, Esq. is a West Chester criminal defense lawyer and personal injury attorney who represents individuals accused of crimes or injured by the negligence of others throughout all of Chester County, including West Chester, Phoenixville, Malvern, Coatesville, Paoli, Downingtown, Tredyffrin, West Goshen, Honey Brook, Oxford, Devon, Pottstown, Chesterbrook, Parkesburg, Kennett Square, and Avondale

DiCindio Law, LLC opens newly renovated West Chester Office

DiCindio Law, LLC opens newly renovated West Chester Office building.

Located in downtown West Chester, Chester County, Pennsylvania and built in 1900 – the firm’s building has undergone a top to bottom renovation/restoration with the idea of preserving and repairing the building to the beauty it once was and providing Mike’s client’s with a comfortable and accessible office location and atmosphere.

Mike DiCindio looks forward to continuing to serve his current and future client’s for years to come at this new location.

West Chester Criminal Lawyer and West Chester Personal Injury Lawyer

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Possession with Intent to Deliver Marijuana – Other forms

Sentencing guidelines provide Courts in Pennsylvania with the ability to have a standard range of sentences that are imposed for certain similarly situated offenders and crimes.  One of the major aims of these guidelines is to have a level of consistency in sentencing.  Each crime is assigned an offense gravity score which when combined with an offender’s prior record score on a sentencing grid provides the sentencing guidelines (all established by the legislature).

One common drug charge in Pennsylvania is distribution of marijuana.  Possession with Intent to Deliver Marijuana is a crime that is common but has also become more complicated in recent years.  In the past the only substance that was typically being sold or possessed was the actual marijuana / seeds or the plant alone.  Recently, possessing oils and other forms of THC outside of the plant and seeds creates enhanced potential sentencing penalties – and is being seen more often.  In a case where only marijuana is possessed and/or sold the sentencing guidelines may not be as high as they would be in the event that THC oil was possessed and/or sold.  This is because the THC oil is not included in the definition of marijuana in the controlled substance act of Pennsylvania. Therefore, it would be treated as a general schedule I/II controlled substance which has a higher offense gravity score under PA law.

West Chester Pennsylvania Criminal Defense - Conspiracy Cases

West Chester Pennsylvania Criminal Defense and Personal Injury Attorney

Despite the recent decriminalization talks throughout the country and the state it is important to remember that marijuana is illegal in Pennsylvania and possessing different forms of it may create complications or higher potential penalties.

 “Marihuana” consists of all forms, species and/or varieties of the genus Cannabis sativa L., whether growing or not;  the seeds thereof;  the resin extracted from any part of such plant;  and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such plant, its seeds or resin;  but shall not include tetrahydrocannabinols, the mature stalks of such plant, fiber produced from such stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of such plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of such mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, cake, or the sterilized seed of such plant which is incapable of germination. (See, Pennsylvania Statutes Title 35 P.S. Health and Safety § 780-102 § 780-102. Definitions


The above listed information does not include the entire crimes code, annotations, amendments or any recent changes to the law that may be relevant. The information provided is for informational purposes only and may not reflect the most current legal developments or the most complete legal issues for all cases These materials are not intended, and should not be taken, as legal advice on any particular set of facts or circumstances. It is intended solely for informational purposes.

Michael D. DiCindio, Esq. is a West Chester criminal defense lawyer and personal injury attorney who represents individuals accused of crimes or injured by the negligence of others throughout all of Chester County, including West Chester, Phoenixville, Malvern, Coatesville, Paoli, Downingtown, Tredyffrin, West Goshen, Honey Brook, Oxford, Devon, Pottstown, Chesterbrook, Parkesburg, Kennett Square, and Avondale

Rule 600 in Pennsylvania

The wheels of justice turn slowly. An old saying that we who practice in the criminal defense field think about weekly – if not daily. Even though the slow crawl that criminal cases sometimes take is to be expected at times, it is important to understand that as an individual charged with a crime in the state of Pennsylvania, you have a right to a prompt trial and resolution to your case.

Criminal Defense Chester County

West Chester Criminal Defense Lawyer

First, it must be noted that the prompt trial rule or “Rule 600” is different than the statute of limitations. The statute of limitations is the amount of time that the government has to CHARGE an individual with a crime or forever be barred from doing so. Rule 600 and the prompt trial requirements instead deal with the amount of time the government has to prosecute a person once they have been charged.

There are two main portions of Rule 600. First, that the government has 365 days to commence trial once charges have been brought. If they do not do that, a motion must be filed by the defense and the charges will be dismissed with prejudice if a violation of this time limit has been found by the Court. Second, no person may be held in custody on bail for longer than 180 from the commencement of the prosecution. If this occurs the defense must file a motion and if a violation is found by the Court the defendant will be placed on nominal bail.

Obviously, this is subject to limitations and the unique circumstances of each case dictate the strength of a Rule 600 motion. For example, one of the main limitations is that time extensions requested by the defense or not attributable to the prosecution are not counted in the 365 or 180 day time period – among other things.

If you or a loved one believe that you may have a prompt trial issue or if you have been charged with a criminal offense at all, contact Michael D. DiCindio, Esq. at DiCindio Law, LLC for all of your criminal needs and begin preparing your defense today.

 

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The above listed information does not include the entire crimes code, annotations, amendments or any recent changes to the law that may be relevant. The information provided is for informational purposes only and may not reflect the most current legal developments or the most complete legal issues for all cases These materials are not intended, and should not be taken, as legal advice on any particular set of facts or circumstances. It is intended solely for informational purposes.

Michael D. DiCindio, Esq. is a West Chester criminal defense lawyer and personal injury attorney who represents individuals accused of crimes or injured by the negligence of others throughout all of Chester County, including West Chester, Phoenixville, Malvern, Coatesville, Paoli, Downingtown, Tredyffrin, West Goshen, Honey Brook, Oxford, Devon, Pottstown, Chesterbrook, Parkesburg, Kennett Square, and Avondale

Credit for Time Served in Inpatient Facilities – DUI Cases

Credit for Time Served In Inpatient Facilities – DUI Cases

When someone has been arrested and is pending trial there are decisions that need to be made based upon the needs of the person and the strategy of the case.  Some of these decisions will be made by the individual and others may be made or dictated to them by the Judge.  One of the decisions is whether or not someone needs to be placed into an inpatient rehabilitation facility in order to address a substance abuse issue.  Most often, this arises out of DUI or driving under the influence / driving while impaired cases.

Voluntary treatment is treated differently than Court ordered treatment

West Chester Pennsylvania Criminal Defense and Personal Injury Attorney

West Chester Pennsylvania Criminal Defense and Personal Injury Attorney

What is important to know is that when someone is placed into inpatient as a condition of bail in lieu of pre-trial incarceration they are entitled to have that time spent in inpatient count against any jail sentence they may be later sentenced to. Commonwealth v. Cozzone, 593 A. 2d 860 (Pa. Super. 1991).  Alternatively, if someone voluntarily gone to inpatient on their own accord it may be credited towards their sentence but only if the sentencing Judge, in his/her discretion decides to grant the credit.

The lesson to take from this is that when someone is in the criminal system, facing incarceration and ends up in an inpatient rehabilitation for any reason – his attorney must evaluate any arguments about credit for time spent in rehab that may be available to the client in order to potentially limit the about of time in prison that ultimately must be served.

If you or a loved one needs representation on any criminal matter – contact Mike DiCindio, Esq. directly.


The above listed information does not include the entire crimes code, annotations, amendments or any recent changes that may be relevant.  The information provided is for informational purposes only and may not reflect the most current legal developments.  These materials are not intended, and should not be taken, as legal advice on any particular set of facts or circumstances.  It is intended solely for informational purposes.

Michael D. DiCindio, Esq. is a West Chester criminal defense lawyer and personal injury attorney who represents individuals accused of crimes or injured by the negligence of others throughout all of Chester County, including West Chester, Phoenixville, Malvern, Coatesville, Paoli, Downingtown, Tredyffrin, West Goshen, Honey Brook, Oxford, Devon, Pottstown, Chesterbrook, Parkesburg, Kennett Square, and Avondale

Heroin Overdose Cases

A major focus of law-enforcement recent years and especially in recent months has been in preventing heroin overdose deaths from occurring. Heroin overdose cases have become an epidemic that law-enforcement, legislators and the communities at large are trying to combat. With the vicious effects of a heroin overdose, people must act fast. It is not uncommon to have two users together when one of them overdoses. Many times, people would be fearful to report the overdoses for fear of prosecution in the matter – and people would lose their lives. Recently, legislation has been enacted which is aimed at ending these types of situations and deaths and stopping the risk of certain criminal charges in these situations.

Chester County criminal defense

Contact Chester County Criminal Lawyer Mike DiCindio to discuss your case today

The recently enacted law permits individuals to call law-enforcement, emergency medical services or 911 and report a heroin overdose. If they provide their name and identifying information and stay with the individual who is overdosing they will be immune for prosecution for certain minor offenses (those are enumerated in the amended law) and the individual who overdoses is also immune. It should not be viewed and is not intended to be viewed as a license to commit illegal conduct, instead, it is aimed at helping to minimize the frequency of deaths from heroin overdoses.

If you or a loved one has been arrested or prosecuted in the circumstance that seems similar to the one described above contact criminal defense lawyer DiCindio Law, LLC today law speak in detail to Mike DiCindio about the facts and circumstances and determine whether or not the amended legislation applies to your specific situation.


 

The above listed information does not include the entire crimes code, annotations, amendments or any recent changes that may be relevant.  The information provided is for informational purposes only and may not reflect the most current legal developments.  These materials are not intended, and should not be taken, as legal advice on any particular set of facts or circumstances.  It is intended solely for informational purposes.

Michael D. DiCindio, Esq. is a West Chester criminal defense lawyer who represents individuals accused of crimes throughout all of Chester County, including West Chester, Phoenixville, Malvern, Coatesville, Paoli, Downingtown, Tredyffrin, West Goshen, Honey Brook, Oxford, Devon, Pottstown, Chesterbrook, Parkesburg, Kennett Square, and Avondale

Search Warrant – What is required and how is one challenged

West Chester Criminal Lawyer

Contact Chester County Criminal Defense and DUI lawyer Mike DiCindio today.

Drug cases, gun cases and many other countless cases in the criminal system begin with a search warrant. At times, some of these cases also end with a search warrant. If a search warrant is involved in a criminal case, a criminal defense attorney should review the warrant in depth and with a fine tooth comb for all potential flaws and/or legal deficiencies.

Before a search warrant is approved, a law enforcement officer must allege facts in an affidavit of probable cause. The evidence and facts in support of a warrant must lead to the conclusion that probable cause exists to believe the items the officers are looking for are connected with criminal activity and that the items will be found in the place that to be searched under the warrant. If a neutral judge finds that probable cause exists – the search warrant will be approved.

Within the request in the warrant – the items/person being sought and the place to be searched must be described with particularity. Meaning, there should be nothing left to the discretion of the officers when they are describing the “things” to be seized AND it should give the officers ample information and description in order to allow them to identify the things and places to be searched and seized. “General” warrants are frowned upon in our system.

As a criminal defense attorney, it is important that whenever a warrant is involved in a matter, all portions and documents of the warrant must be obtain and reviewed thoroughly. If any of the requirements of the rules and constitutional protections governing the issuance of warrants seem to be lacking a motion should be filed to address this matter before the Court. If the warrant is found to be legally deficient or defective and no exception to the warrant requirement is present – the remedy may be suppression of the evidence seized.

If you or a loved one has a criminal case involving a search warrant, call West Chester Criminal Defense Lawyer Mike DiCindio to schedule your free consultation.


 

The above listed information does not include the entire crimes code, annotations, amendments or any recent changes that may be relevant.  The information provided is for informational purposes only and may not reflect the most current legal developments.  These materials are not intended, and should not be taken, as legal advice on any particular set of facts or circumstances.  Please contact DiCindio Law for a consultation and to discuss what law is relevant to your case.

Mike DiCindio is a criminal defense lawyer who represents individuals accused of crimes throughout all of Chester County, including West Chester, Phoenixville, Malvern, Coatesville, Paoli, Downingtown, Tredyffrin, West Goshen, Honey Brook, Oxford, Devon, Pottstown, Chesterbrook, Parkesburg, Kennett Square, and Avondale as well as in Montgomery County, Lancaster County, Delaware County, Philadelphia County, Bucks County and Berks County.